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The Hoosier Youth Story 

Facts About the Statue 

First statue showing Lincoln as a youth of 21 

Height of figure, 12 feet, 4 inches 

Total height, with pedestal and plinth, 24 feet 

Material, bronze 

Weight, 4V2 tons 

Weight, including base and plinth, 79 tons 

Sculptor, Paul Manship 


Sponsor, Lincoln National Life Foundation, Fort Wayne, Ind. 


Medallions of bronze represent four of Lincoln's chief 

characteristics — patriotism, justice, fortitude and charity 


Four years spent on research and modeling 

Indiana site selected because Lincoln spent 14 years 

of his youth there. 

/*7/- a 

braham Lincoln — 16th President of the United 
States, 'The Great Emancipator," writer of The 
Gettysburg Address, statesman, leader, dispenser of 
homey wisdom and, finally, American martyr — grew up 
in Indiana. When Lincoln came to Indiana from Kentucky he 
was only seven years old; when he drove his father's covered 
wagon to Illinois, he was a young man of twenty-one, six feet 
four inches tall. In Indiana Lincoln developed the qualities 
which made him great. Justice. Fortitude. Charity. Patriotism. 
Indiana bred The Railsplitter, a youth captivated by a book's 
magic, a lover of animals. 

In 1928 America claimed 35 or more Lincoln memorials. 
None portrayed Lincoln in his youth or young manhood. The 
executives of The Lincoln National Life Insurance Company 
were already inspired by the ideals and humanism of Lincoln. 
The name of the company grew out of an affirmation of Lin- 
coln's stature. Robert Lincoln's letter authorizing the use of 
his father's name is possibly the company's most prized pos- 

In 1928 the officers of the company had already started to 
plan for a Lincoln memorial — the first in Indiana and the first 
portrayal of Lincoln as a Hoosier. They felt that enough beard- 
ed, grave, double-breasted-frock-coat representations existed. 
Lincoln National would opt for a new vision: a youthful Indi- 
ana Lincoln. A full-grown but smooth-cheeked young man. 
A dreamer. A man with his destiny in his face and his sur- 

Lincoln National contacted Paul Manship. Manship at 42 
had won nearly every American prize for sculpture as well as 
the Prix de Rome, a three-year scholarship to study at the 
American Academy in Rome. The clarity of his vision and the 
strong, clean lines of his sculptures recommended Manship 
for the Lincoln statue. No pictures of Lincoln before he was 
37 exist, so an imaginative creation was needed; for this, too, 
Manship was well qualified. With Louis A. Warren, Director 
of The Lincoln National Life Foundation, Manship traveled to 
the places where Lincoln spent his youth. The sculptor wrote 
Mr. Mead: "The Ohio River and reminders of the old ferry- 

BEGINNINGS — On the opposite page is the original sketch 
Manship drew in 1929. The sculptor submitted this sketch for 
approval; the officers of Lincoln National were enthusiastic, 
and work continued. 

boat days and the glimpse of the Kentucky homestead of Lin- 
coln's childhood excited the imagination. Sandburg's book and 
talks with Ida Tarbell vivified my impressions which led to 
the desire to represent the youth as a dreamer and a poet, 
rather than the material aspect of the railsplitter, as the quali- 
ties of the spirit are more important in view -of the greatness 
of later accomplishment and the influence of the accomplish- 
ment of the great which continues after death. Without these 
qualities of spirit, the idealism and clarity of his future visions 
would never have been possible." 

By this time the statue was taking shape in more than the 
mind's eye. After the trip, Manship read, studied, sketched in 
his Paris and New York studios. Ideas for attitude, composi- 
tion, and inscription came thick and fast. Manship wrote: "The 
stories of his youthful physical prowess and his active back- 
woods life gave him a magnificent physique. His ax tells the 
story of his rail splitter days. The book symbolizes his intel- 
lectual faculties. We know of his friendship for animals, but 
here his relationship to the dog would symbolize rather a great- 
er feeling of human sympathy and protectiveness which were 
among his conspicuous characteristics." In addition, the oak 
stump and the homemade clothes emphasize Lincoln's pioneer 
upbringing. On the base of the statue four medallions sym- 
bolize the classical qualities that grew out of that upbringing: 
patriotism, justice, fortitude and charity. 




PROGRESS — The dog Manship used as a model was a pure American 
hound he located on his trip through Lincoln country. The dog of the 
statue stands four feet nine inches in height; from nose to tail measures 
seven feet two inches. Here Manship works on the contour of the 
hound's throat. 

TAKING SHAPE — A sculptor's work involves climbing and balancing 
himself as he works on the statue. This full-size plaster model was 
sent to Brussels, Belgium, where it was cast in bronze under Manship's 

BEGINNING AGAIN — Contemporary artist George Yostel, at 
right, works on the new Hoosier Youth statue, a limited edition 
of fine art reproductions. At his studio in Cincinnati Yostel 
formed a clay model used for the casting. 

Then came models of the statue (the hound Manship used 
had been brought from across the Ohio River), approval and 
casting. During all this time newspapers all over the United 
States reported on Manship's progress and published pictures 
of the sculptor at work. The new statue touched the imagina- 
tions of Lincoln students and historians. Lincoln National ex- 
citedly prepared for the dedication. 

The time required from Manship's commission to dedica- 
tion ceremonies was four years and four months. On Septem- 
ber 16, 1932, the years of waiting came to a close. The day 
was a big one for Ft. Wayne. A special train came from Chi- 
cago to carry visitors to the dedication. Crowd estimates range 
from 4,000 to 10,000 people. Public officials, business execu- 
tives, recognized historians, Lincoln students, the governor, a 
senator. The Secretary of Agriculture, Arthur M. Hyde, was 
the main speaker. Ida Tarbell, one of the foremost Lincoln 
biographers, called the statue, "the truest, as it is the most 
beautiful concept of Abraham Lincoln, as a youth, yet given 
to the country." NBC broadcast the ceremonies over its 48 
stations. The Foundation's files on the event contain tens of 
articles from magazines and newspapers written about the 

What is the statue The Hoosier Youth? It is an evidence of 
much love for Abraham Lincoln in the company that bears his 
name. It is a work of art, in a setting designed for it, by a 

TODAY'S HOOSIER YOUTH — The nine-inch Lincoln statue 
exhibits the same classical lines and strength of character as the 
Manship statue. The work of art thus becomes accessible to 
more people than Fort Wayne residents and visitors to the 
Lincoln National hiome Office. 

world-famous sculptor. It is the first of its kind — a Lincoln 
statue from that great man's youth. It is, most of all, a na- 
tional monument to an important and revered President of 
the United States. 

The statue means all of this, in 1971 Lincoln National is as 
proud of the Manship statue as we were in 1932. We've there- 
for commissioned a smaller version of the statue to be cast. 
George F. Yostel, whose sculpture in bronze and stone appears 
in all parts of the country, formed a clay model from which the 
bronze statue was cast. A limited number of nine-inch Hoosier 
Youth statues will be gifts to outstanding agents and friends 
of the company. In a limited edition, the mold is broken as 
the last bronze figure is cast; no more of the smaller statues 
can be made. These are not commercial souvenirs; they are 
works of art in their own right, as are fine reproductions of 
other famous artists. 

We know that, as for us, these statues will carry the sig- 
nificance of the heroic size statue into the lives of those who 
come to own them. 



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